Americans are drinking more than they used to, it emerged recently in a study published in the JAMA Psychiatry. However, despite the disturbing trend, the good news is that adolescents are binge drinking less than they used to, says a comparatively older study published in the journal Pediatrics. But if the drinking continues in any age group, it is bound to be followed by the younger ones across the communities.
Underage drinking has been a serious public health worry in the United States, leading to various short- and long-term consequences, such as risky sexual engagement, assault, reduced academic execution, health concern, and so on. Compared to most other western nations, the U.S. rather goes easy on underage drinking. The federal law allows drinking only for those aged 21 or more. In fact, an analysis by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicated that alcohol has been the top choice of substance for youngsters. Nearly 20 percent of those aged 12 to 20 years drink alcohol and 13 percent of them are involved in binge drinking, the study found.
Problem drinking in this population can generally be found among first-year students and dropouts. This manifestation can be clarified over accounts like access to alcohol on campus, greater freedom, curiosity, experiment, career frustration, peer weight, raised by a solitary parent, financial challenges, and more. Coupled with perpetual drinking, the onset of early drinking can place adolescents at risk of acute long-term consequences like an addiction, alcohol-related violence, as well as impairing one’s brain and neurocognitive development.
Such pattern of drinking is likewise associated with physical deficits such as cardiovascular disease, lungs and liver damage, and specific cancers. Nonetheless, among the different treatments and programs available for reducing alcohol addiction, this article talks about the effectiveness of web-based intervention programs in curtailing the problem of heavy and chronic alcohol use among students.
Technological developments in brief intervention for youngsters
Although there is a multitude of effective intervention strategies introduced for students with a history of chronic or problem drinking, there is moderately less research which has prioritized universally anticipated strategies that may benefit all students. However, the internet provides a new dimension to access health care benefits at our own convenience. These interventions, as compared to conventional programs, are quite beneficial.
For instance, in the case of traditional setting, some people may be hesitant to speak up about their alcohol problem, most likely because of the stigma encompassing an addiction, or of skepticism to talk directly with a health practitioner. But with the pace of technology, these traditional obstructions have gradually been eradicated due to the factors like ease of access, anonymity, etc. Additionally, such web-based services are effective, flexible, and inexpensive, and may likewise be offered to a large populace of this age group.
Brief interventions more viable than no counseling
Compared to zero-counselling or no-intervention, brief intervention has been observed to be more effective in diminishing alcohol consumption. According to a meta-analysis involving nearly 50,000 participants, it was found that in most of the studies that involved school or college going children and adolescents, reduction in alcohol consumption was observed on different parameters.
Under these intervention programs, personalized inputs are also incorporated as a way to support an individual. The analysis also highlighted that including information on social norms into feedback interventions could help in cutting down alcohol consumption to a certain level. Such consolidation encourages individuals to watch their level and outcomes of drinking.
However, the adequacy of an intervention also counts on a host of underlying issues like the accuracy of a research, level of control over overwhelming components, nature of program implementation, and intervention fidelity. Moreover, varied characteristics of the participants ranging from problem drinking, heavy or binge drinking, moderate drinking, and chronic alcohol consumption too play a key role in measuring the effectiveness of such interventions.
How to say no to alcohol
Alcohol destroys relationships, academic excellence, career, social circle and financial stability. Besides, alcohol consumption is also associated with multiple disorders, such as different types of cancers, liver damage, anemia, poor pregnancy outcomes, eye disorders, cardiovascular disorders, gout, pancreatitis, and so on. Additionally, driving under the influence of alcohol can also result in serious accidents and fatal injuries.
Complete treatment is the only way to get rid of alcohol addiction. If you or your loved one is addicted to alcohol, contact the Alcohol Addiction Helpline of California for information on alcohol rehab centers in California. Call our 24/7 helpline number 855-980-1715 or chat online to connect to one of the best alcohol addiction treatment facilities in California.Continue reading